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You might be a traveler, US citizen, Ohio citizen or a history enthusiast who developed a sudden interest in the city of Columbus. No matter the reasons you want to know more about the city, we have prepared some interesting facts for you to enjoy them. Columbus, Ohio history is long and colorful.
The first settlement was built in 1797 on the west side of the Scioto River and was known as Franklinton. Named after Christopher Columbus, the construction on the east side of the river was planned and initiated in February of 1812. Soon enough, the first church, school, and newspaper were founded too. It was supposed to be a political center of Franklinton, but four years after the construction began, the government was transferred and settled inside the territory. In 1816, the basement finishing in Columbus Ohio Borough was officially founded and established in the area, and it included nine people chosen for different positions and entrusted with different tasks. Early years of the newly founded town were mottled with frequent outbreaks of various epidemics: from fever to cholera, due to the consequences of the recently finished war.
In the year 1831, the city of Columbus was officially connected to the network of the first major improved highway called the National Road. That event initiated the growth of the population inside the territory. A new wave of European immigrants has reached the city borders. The Irish claimed the northern parts of the town, while Germans settled themselves in the south. With population growth, Columbus finally became big enough to be officially classified as a city in March of 1834. John Brooks was chosen to be the major, and during his time, Columbus was finally separated from Franklinton.
The first railway, which connected cities of Columbus and Xenia, was built in 1850. Seven years later, the state capital building, Ohio Statehouse was finished after long eighteen years of construction. During the Civil War, Columbus was a base for several thousand troops of Union Army; afterward, the city became a home, or a prison, for Confederate soldiers. By the end of the war, around ten thousand soldiers were imprisoned, and around two thousand died inside the prison borders. After the war, the economy of the city progressed, and by the end of the 19th century, Columbus was famous for many manufacturing businesses. It took pride in two dozen buggy factories, the steel industry, and labor organizations. In 1871, the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College was founded, which, naturally, aided the further development of the city’s economy and industry. The last decade of the century was marked by the foundation of the United Mine Workers of America it the city. By the end of the century, Columbus was the home of two universities, and a significant number of schools, churches, and hospitals.
The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a tragedy, thanks to the big flood that happened in 1913, in which Scioto River claimed the lives of more than a hundred people, while also causing great property damage; many people lost their homes, food and loved ones. After the flood, the river was widened, which further caused the construction of many bridges, retaining walls and embankments. The citizens founded a program of flood control in order to prevent future tragedies of the sort.
Basically almost unaffected by the Great Depression, the economy in Columbus was in constant progress after both World Wars, which resulted in a construction boom. In the following several decades, the city became richer with a new Civic center, theater, American Insurance Union Citadel, stadium, shopping center, and countless other important monuments. As a result, the city occupied more land, and its population was nearly doubled in the last decades of the century. By the end of the 20th century, Columbus has grown enough to become the largest city in the state of Ohio.
Today, Columbus is famous for having one of the largest universities and football schools. Other than that, it takes pride in having more than sixteen parks and the best municipal park system in the country. More than anything, the city of Columbus in Ohio mostly takes pride in its long and progressing history.